University of Toronto, Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering

Current Engineering Undergraduates

How to Calculate Your GPA

Course Marks and Grades

The following course marks and grades relate to the performance of a student in the work of a particular course.  A course grade or mark should not be interpreted as an assessment of status within a program of studies since this is determined by the Promotional Regulations set out in the Academic Calendar.

The equivalents of the Numerical Scale of Marks in the refined Letter Grade Scale and the Grade Point Value are as follows: 

 * The grade point values above apply to marks earned in individual courses; grade point averages are weighted sums of the grade points earned (see below), and thus do not necessarily correspond exactly to the scale above.  For example, a B+ average would include grade point averages from 3.20 to 3.40, while the lowest B- average would be 2.50.

Numerical Scale of Mark     Letter Grade     Refined Grade Point Value
90-100                                       A+                               4.0
85-89                                          A                                  4.0
80-84                                         A-                                3.7
77-79                                         B+                               3.3
73-76                                         B                                  3.0
70-72                                         B-                                2.7
67-69                                         C+                               2.3
63-66                                         C                                  2.0
60-62                                        C-                                 1.7
57-59                                        D+                               1.3
53-56                                        D                                  1.0
50-52                                       D-                                 0.7
0-49                                          F                                  0.0

Grade Point Average

Note:  The Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering does not promote students on the basis of the GPA but on the basis of the weighted sessional average.

The Grade Point Average is the weighted sum of the grade points earned, divided by the number of courses in which grade points were earned.

Courses noted “AEG” are not included in the average, nor are transfer credits, courses taken elsewhere on a Letter of Permission, nor courses designated as “extra”.

Three types of grade point averages are shown on the Official Student transcript:

 • The Sessional GPA (SGPA) is based on courses taken in a single session (Fall, Winter or Summer);
 • The Annual GPA (AGPA) is based on courses taken in the Fall-Winter Sessions;
 • The Cumulative GPA (CGPA) takes into account all courses taken for degree credit in the Faculty.

An example of calculated Sessional Grade Point Average and Sessional Weighted Average for a Single Winter Session:

The calculations for your Sessional Grade Point Average are based upon the GPA value of each course. It is not calculated based solely on the sessional percentage average due to the fact that each course is weighted differently and has different GPA value.


Course (W)Weight  (P) % Value (G)GPA Value (T) G*W (S) W*P
ANT100Y1 1 73% 3 3 0.73
CIV111H1 0.5 77% 3.7 1.85 0.385
CHE222H1 0.5 63% 2 1 0.315
ELE333H1 0.5 90% 4 2 0.45
MIE444H1 0.5 74% 3 1.5 0.37
Total 3

9.35 2.25
SGPA and SWA


3.1 0.75

Sessional Grade point Average: (Total of the T column) divided by (Total of the W column) or 9.35/3.00 = 3.1

Sessional Weighted Average: (Total of the S colum) divided by (Total of the W column) or (2.25/3) = 0.75 or 75%


Office of the Registrar

Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering
35 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 1A4 Canada

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